After the Dutch arrived at the Penghu Islands (then called the Pescadores Islands) in 1622, they established themselves two years later in the area of Tainan at Fort Zeelandia. In 1662 they were ousted by Koxinga (Zheng ChengGong).
Dutch in Taiwan
But the Dutch came back… Dutch multinationals came to Taiwan when the Taiwanese industrialisation was taking off in the second half of the 20th century. Especially Philips was a major player, and led to have a huge Dutch community in Hsinchu. In 1989 the Nederlandse School Taipei was established for children of Dutch families. Currently there are still many Dutch companies present in Taiwan, such as ASML, NXP, DSM and ING. In recent years, the increasing Taiwanese investment in the development of its renewable energy industry has been reason for Van Oord, Boskalis and many other Dutch companies to also open offices in Taiwan. At the moment there are more than 500 Dutch nationals living in Taiwan, the majority in Taipei.
Taiwanese in the Netherlands
Philips’ participation in the development of the local semi-conductor industry resulted in multiple Taiwanese high-tech companies establishing offices in The Netherlands at the end of the millennium. But also the bicycle manufacturer Giant is present with a huge manufacturing facility in Lelystad. Currently there are more than 3,000 Taiwanese nationals living in the Netherlands. Due to intensifying cooperation between universities in recent years, there is also a growing number of Taiwanese exchange students at Dutch universities.